Citizenship is a legal status that signifies an individual’s membership in a specific nation or state. It entails certain rights, duties, and privileges granted by the country, and it often reflects a person’s legal relationship with the state. Citizenship can be acquired by birth within a country’s territory (jus soli), through descent from a citizen parent (jus sanguinis), by marriage to a citizen, or through the process of naturalization.

Citizenship is a fundamental component of a functioning society, providing a framework for individuals to interact with their government and each other. It establishes a foundation for political, social, and economic stability and promotes a sense of community and shared responsibility.